A Brief History of Alcudia Majorca – We have heard that the human occupation of Alcudia occurred in PreTalayotic period (2000-1200 BC). The talayots megalithic constructions that give name to the culture talayotic (1200 -123 BC) are found in the area. Of that still today we highlight the village of Son Simon. The Roman consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus joined Mallorca to the Roman Republic in 123 BC and founded the cities of Palma and Pollentia. The archaeological remains of the city of Pollentia, located a few meters from the centre of Alcudia, demonstrate the growing economic prosperity that the city enjoyed, stately houses, a theatre, shops and other public and private buildings are good examples. The barbarian invasions in the fifth century took Pollentia into a process of decay and destruction. The Vandals sacked the city between 425 and 455, suggested by evidence found in archaeological excavations. In 902, the Arabs conquered Mallorca and it was incorporated in the Emirate of Cordoba. In 1015 it became part of the Taifa of Denia. During Muslim rule (902-1229) Alcudia was called El Alqueria, which means the hill, and some names like Guinyent, Biniatria, or Gatamoix Alcanada are faithful witnesses of Muslim domination. After the addition of Mallorca in the Crown of Aragon in 1229, King James I divided the island into 8 parts, four were left to the monarch himself and the other four were for nobles who had helped in the conquest of the island. From 1298 construction of the first city walls began, which ended in 1362. The walls served to protect not only the town but also the north of the island. The town of Alcudia has a layout of medieval enclosures, conditioned by two walls that surround it. The streets are narrow and irregular, some buildings still have characteristic elements of the heyday of the city and are of great architectural value. Alcudia today is a popular tourist destination, in particular the port area, where visitors enjoy the sunny weather and the fine beaches.
And get even more information here: http://www.alcudia-majorca.spain-and-spanish.co.uk
See maps of places in Majorca here: http://www.majorca.spayn.co.uk
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Castile and Leon Spain – Castile and Leon is an autonomous community of Spain, referred to as “historical community” and “culture” in its statute of autonomy. It was formally established in 1979 and acquired its full status in 1983. Its territory is located in the northern part of the plateau of the Iberian Peninsula and is largely corresponds to the Spanish area of the Douro river basin. It consists of 9 provinces: Leon, Avila, Segovia, Burgos, Salamanca, Palencia , Zamora, Valladolid and Soria. It is the largest autonomous region of Spain, with an area of 94,226 square kilometres, and the sixth most populous, with 2,519,875 inhabitants. Right from the start of the federalist debate in Spain in the nineteenth century, during the First Spanish Republic there were projects of autonomy for castellanoleonesa region, including the current regions of Cantabria and La Rioja, this continued during the Second Republic and finally took place after the Spanish Constitution of 1978, but did not include Cantabria and La Rioja.
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Extremadura Spain – Extremadura is an autonomous community of Spain located in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. It comprises the two largest provinces of Spain, Caceres and Badajoz. Extremadura is bounded to the north by the provinces of Avila and Salamanca, to the south by Huelva, Cordoba and Seville and to the east by Ciudad Real and Toledo, to the West is Portugal. Its capital is Merida. The total population of Extremadura is around 1,104,000 inhabitants. Its territory is warm in the south and mild, and even cold in the north. It is endowed with great environmental beauty, especially in the north of the community and of a great historical heritage. It also has an important tourism industry, concentrated in the cities of Merida, Plasencia, Caceres, Trujillo, Badajoz, and in regions like the Jerte Valley, the Valle del Ambroz. The highest peak of the region is the Calvitero, located in the northeast of the province. Badajoz is the largest province of Spain, with an area of almost 22,000 sq km.
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Castilla La Mancha Spain – Castilla La-Mancha is an autonomous community of Spain, it consists of the 919 municipalities, and is made up of 5 provinces, namely Toledo, Albacete, Guadalajara, Cuenca and Ciudad Real. Its capital is the city of Toledo, the seat of the Regional Government of Castilla La-Mancha. Castilla La-Mancha is located in the heart of the Iberian Peninsula, occupying most of the southern sub-plateau. The community is the third largest autonomy of Spain, with an area of 79,409 square kilometres, accounting for 13.6% of total mainland, and a population of 2,078,611 inhabitants. Albacete province has a population of 400,000, Toledo, 700,000, Cuenca, 210,000, Ciudad Real, 520,000 and Guadalajara, 250,000.
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Stowmarket Suffolk England: Stowmarket is a town of 15,059 inhabitants and is located in the county of Suffolk. This town is on the A14 between Bury St Edmunds and Ipswich and on the railway between London and Norwich. It is the largest town in Mid Suffolk, on the banks of the River Gipping which is joined by the River Rat further south. The town takes its name from “Stow” an Anglo-Saxon word meaning “main square”. Stowmarket received a charter to hold a market in 1347 from Edward III of England, which added the “market” suffix to the town’s name. Even today, a bi-weekly market is held on Thursdays and Saturdays. The county of Suffolk has an area of almost 1,500 square miles and a population of 730,000.
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Catalonia Province Spain – Catalonia is a Spanish autonomous community located in the north-east of the Iberian Peninsula. It occupies an area of about 32 000 square kilometres and is bordered to the north by France (Midi-Pyrenees and Languedoc-Roussillon) and Andorra, to the east by the Mediterranean Sea along a coastal strip of about 580 kilometres, south to the Valencian Community, and to the west with Aragon. This strategic location has nurtured a very intense relationship with the territories of the Mediterranean and continental Europe. Catalonia is composed of the four provinces of Tarragona, Barcelona, Lleida, and Girona, its capital is the city of Barcelona. Catalonia has a population of about 7.5 million people and a total of 948 municipalities of which two thirds live in the metropolitan area of Barcelona. Catalonia has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea.
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The Province of Valencia Spain – The province of Valencia is located in eastern Spain, it covers an area of 10,763 square kilometres and has a population of around 2.5 million inhabitants, the province has a total of 266 municipalities. The Province of Valencia is part of the larger Comunidad de Valencia (autonomous community) and it borders the Mediterranean Sea and the provinces of Alicante, Cuenca, Castellon, Teruel and Albacete. Around three quarters of the population of the province live in the city of Valencia and its metropolitan areas. Apart from Valencia city itself, the province has some sizeable towns such as Sagunt, Xativa, Gandia and Paterna.
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Andalucia Spain – The second largest of Spain’s autonomous communities, Andalucia lies in the extreme south of the country with coasts on both the Mediterranean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. This is a historic region and is a huge draw for tourists, both to explore its ancient cities and towns and to enjoy its wonderful climate and sandy beaches. Andalucia (Andalusia) comprises 8 provinces, and these are Seville, Jaen, Malaga, Huelva, Almeria, Cadiz, Cordoba and Granada. Andalucia cover a huge area of some 87,000 square kilometres (33,500 square miles) and has a population of eight and a half million. The name of the region originated from the Arabic language (Al-Andalus) and dates from the Moorish occupation of the Iberian Peninsula (during the 8th to 13th centuries). Andalucia has several well known coastal areas including the best known Costa del Sol, plus the Costa de la Luz, The Costa Almeria, and the Costa Tropical.
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Almeria Province Andalucia Spain – Located between the provinces of Granada and Murcia in the south-east of Spain, Almeria province is one of the eight provinces within the Andalucia autonomous community. The capital of the province is the city of Almeria, which of course gave the province its name. Almeria province has a population of over 600,000, and has considerable area which are largely unpopulated, the area of the province is almost 90,000 square kilometres, the 27th largest of Spain’s provinces. Some notable places in Almeria, with good sized populations are Roquetas de Mar (50,000), Nijar (19,000), El Ejido (80,000) and Adra (22,000). Along the coast there are a number of popular seaside resorts such as Almerimar, Carboneras and Mojacar.
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