Steve's World Blog Information and articles on cities, towns and villages around the world.

May 21, 2013

Alcudia Majorca A Brief History

Filed under: Balearic Islands,History,Spain — Tags: , , , , , , — needahand @ 5:23 pm

A Brief History of Alcudia Majorca – We have heard that the human occupation of Alcudia occurred in PreTalayotic period (2000-1200 BC). The talayots megalithic constructions that give name to the culture talayotic (1200 -123 BC) are found in the area. Of that still today we highlight the village of Son Simon. The Roman consul Quintus Caecilius Metellus joined Mallorca to the Roman Republic in 123 BC and founded the cities of Palma and Pollentia. The archaeological remains of the city of Pollentia, located a few meters from the centre of Alcudia, demonstrate the growing economic prosperity that the city enjoyed, stately houses, a theatre, shops and other public and private buildings are good examples. The barbarian invasions in the fifth century took Pollentia into a process of decay and destruction. The Vandals sacked the city between 425 and 455, suggested by evidence found in archaeological excavations. In 902, the Arabs conquered Mallorca and it was incorporated in the Emirate of Cordoba. In 1015 it became part of the Taifa of Denia. During Muslim rule (902-1229) Alcudia was called El Alqueria, which means the hill, and some names like Guinyent, Biniatria, or Gatamoix Alcanada are faithful witnesses of Muslim domination. After the addition of Mallorca in the Crown of Aragon in 1229, King James I divided the island into 8 parts, four were left to the monarch himself and the other four were for nobles who had helped in the conquest of the island. From 1298 construction of the first city walls began, which ended in 1362. The walls served to protect not only the town but also the north of the island. The town of Alcudia has a layout of medieval enclosures, conditioned by two walls that surround it. The streets are narrow and irregular, some buildings still have characteristic elements of the heyday of the city and are of great architectural value.  Alcudia today is a popular tourist destination, in particular the port area, where visitors enjoy the sunny weather and the fine beaches.

See maps of places in Majorca here: http://www.majorca.spayn.co.uk

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